Legal definition[ edit ] As of 23 Novemberthe Scotch Whisky Regulations SWR define and regulate the production, labelling, packaging as well as the advertising of Scotch whisky in the United Kingdom. They replace previous regulations that focused solely on production. International trade agreements have the effect of making some provisions of the SWR apply in various other countries as well as in the UK.
Pubs and bars are unlikely to be affected as they usually charge much more than 50p per unit. The aim is to hit consumption of strong alcohol which is sold at low prices. The new laws would be "experimental" and expire after six years unless renewed.
Their judgment said minimum pricing targeted "the health hazards of cheap alcohol and the groups most affected in a way that an increase in excise or VAT does not".
The judges said a tax would increase prices "across the board" and not just the cheap, strong alcohol which is the focus of the legislation. They also agreed that minimum pricing was "easier to understand and simpler to enforce". Minimum pricing would not allow retailers to "absorb" the cost in the way a duty rise would, they said.
What has the reaction been to the verdict? Does minimum pricing work? Canadian academic studies suggest that the policy has successfully reduced alcohol consumption.
But other factors could also be contributing, such as the ageing population. Older Canadians tend to drink lesswhich might also explain the fall in consumption. It is also difficult to draw a direct comparison between Canada and Scotland.
In Canada the extra revenue generated by the minimum pricing goes to the government rather than the retailers. This means retailers in Scotland may have an extra incentive to increase sales because they will profit directly.
Minimum pricing for alcohol The Supreme Court ruling was the final stage of a five-year legal battle, with the cases already passing through courts in Edinburgh and Luxembourg. The European court said the legislation might break EU law if other tax options would prove as effective, but said it was "ultimately for the national court to determine" whether they did.
The Scottish court subsequently backed the measures for a second time, ruling that tax measures "would be less effective than minimum pricing".The evidence base for a proposed minimum price per unit is informed by a series of reports endorsed by the UK Department of Health and Scottish Government providing economic models that predict significant reductions in alcohol consumption through the introduction of a minimum price per 10ml ‘unit’ of alcohol [10, 18].
In current drinkers of alcohol in high-income countries, the threshold for lowest risk of all-cause mortality was about g/week.
For cardiovascular disease subtypes other than myocardial infarction, there were no clear risk thresholds below which lower alcohol consumption stopped being associated with lower disease risk. These data support limits for alcohol consumption that are lower than.
The 50p-per-unit minimum would raise the price of the cheapest bottle of red wine ( units of alcohol) to £, while a four-pack of ml cans .
Chapter LIQUOR CONTROL LAW. Liquor control definitions. As used in the Revised Code: "Intoxicating liquor" and "liquor" include all liquids and compounds, other than beer, containing one-half of one per cent or more of alcohol by volume which are fit to use for beverage purposes, from whatever source and by whatever process produced, by whatever name called, and whether they are.
Advertising Bans in the United States.
Jon P. Nelson, Pennsylvania State University.
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